Buy Nursing Scrubs Online

If you are planning to buy nursing scrubs you should give a thought of buying nursing scrubs online. If you are regular buyer of nursing scrubs from local store, you can give a try in buying nursing scrubs online. But before buying nursing scrubs online you should be aware that there are advantages in buying nursing scrubs (as well as buying anything online) and also there are disadvantages in buying anything online.

The advantages of buying nursing scrubs online are the time it saves for you. Being a busy nursing professional you may not find time for going out and buying nursing scrubs and this can be easily solved by buying nursing scrubs online from the comfort of your home with just click of your mouse. Buying nursing scrubs online can save your valuable time which you can use for relaxing or any other thing you choose to do.

Another advantage of buying online is that online stores are always open, 24 hours a day and 365 day a year. So you can order anytime of the day or any day in a year. You get flexible time for shopping.

There are also some disadvantages in shopping online, which can be overcome easily by acting smartly and logically. The main disadvantage of shopping online is that, you may get cheated if you do not select the online shop carefully. Always try to buy an item including nursing scrubs, from reliable sources only. Never step into the tricks of frauds online and there are numerous fraudulent online stores you may come across. So while choosing online shops always select the trusted shops and you will get the advantages of online shopping and avoid disadvantages of online shopping.

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How to Diagnose Hypoglycemia?

Diagnosis of hypoglycemia, especially recurrent hypoglycemia is not very difficult. Patient can understand he/she is having acute hypoglycemia from the symptoms of hypoglycemic attacks.

Hypoglycemia can also be established conclusively by documenting the Whipple’s triad: which include (1) consistency of symptoms (confusion, fatigue, behavioral changes, sweating, hunger, palpitations, tremor, anxiety etc.) with hypoglycemia, (2) low blood glucose level (precisely measured with right method and not by commonly used glucose monitor), (3) disappearance or relief of the above symptoms when blood glucose level is raised to normal.

Another way to diagnose hypoglycemia is by measuring blood glucose level below 55 mgs/100 ml (3.0 mmol/L) of blood with symptoms of mentioned above (all of the above mentioned symptoms seldom occurs in an individual with hypoglycemia and usually only few of the symptoms are present at a time) which are promptly relieved by raising blood glucose.

The most difficult part of the hypoglycemia is to find out the cause of hypoglycemia. To find out the cause of hypoglycemia it is important to collect blood during an episode of hypoglycemia for checking glucose level as fulfillment of Whipple’s triad is required to conclusively diagnose hypoglycemia.

If the cause of hypoglycemia is not clear additional measures should be taken to try to find out the cause. The additional measures should include insulin, C-peptide, and ethanol (alcohol) concentrations in blood, ideally blood sample taken during episode of hypoglycemic attack and before starting treatment of hypoglycemia like administration of glucose. The level of insulin secretagogues also should be checked to find out the cause of hypoglycemia. If it is not possible to collect blood at the time of hypoglycemic episode, it should be collected for checking blood levels of insulin, C-peptide, and ethanol, when a hypoglycemic episode would be expected like during fasting.

Know about Hirsutism & Virilization

Hirsutism is growth of excess hairs in females in a male pattern, e.g. growth of beard, mustache, excess hairs in chest and some other parts of the body. Virilization is a type of extreme form of hirsutism where there is also other characters that only males possess, like deepening of voice (male type of voice), clitoris becomes enlarged (clitoris is homologous organ of penis in females), breast becomes small or atrophied, there is increased muscle mass like males etc. In general hirsutism is rarely due to serious underlying pathology, but virilization commonly indicates serious underlying pathology like tumor of adrenal gland or ovary.

The common reason of hirsutism and virilization is excess androgens. And tumors of androgen secreting organs can cause serious form of hirsutism i.e. virilization. Androgens are secreted by adrenal gland and ovaries and neoplasm (benign or malignant) of these organs cause virilization and excess secretion of androgens due to some benign (less serious) cause produces hirsutism.

There are nine areas in humans, that are sensitive to raised level of androgens in blood and when there is increased androgen, the excess hair growth takes place in some or all of these nine areas. The nine areas are upper lip, lower jaw, upper back, lower back, upper arms, chest, abdomen, pelvis and thighs. Some of these areas are highly sensitive to even minor increase in androgen level and some are less sensitive to androgens. This explains why different females with hirsutism have excess hair growth in different androgen sensitive areas.

The important androgens which are mainly responsible for hirsutism are testosterone, androstenedione, and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its sulfated form of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEAS).

Maintain Good Sleep Hygiene for Goodnight’s Sleep

These days of stressful and fast life sleep disturbances and sleep disorders are very common. Most of us faced sleep disturbance like insomnia sometime of other in our life. This type of sleep disturbance is generally known as “transient insomnia”, which is of very short duration and occurs occasionally. Transient insomnia is not very difficult to overcome and manage, but when insomnia lasts for long duration and in some cases for years, it becomes problematic. Transient insomnia generally occurs due to some particular situations and circumstances e.g. when we go away from home, we miss our own bed and this may cause insomnia for few days which generally goes off once we come back to our own familiar sleeping conditions.

Sleep hygiene is the behavioral and environmental factors that immediately precede sleep. For example having a very heavy meal or taking beverages like tea or coffee may interfere with sleep, which can be termed as bad “sleep hygiene” and should be avoided if you have problem in falling asleep or insomnia. Presence of bright light or noise may interfere with sleep, which also constitute bad sleep hygiene.

As a first line measure most of the doctors prescribe some non pharmacological measures for management (in other word treatment) of insomnia and these non pharmacological measures are for improving sleep hygiene. Doctors prescribe sleeping medications only if non pharmacological measures for management of insomnia fail. In many cases of insomnia the non pharmacological measures are sufficient for managing insomnia and do not need drug treatment.

So if you want to have goodnight’s sleep, improve your sleep hygiene and enjoy your sound and goodnight’s sleep and live happy and healthy.

Drug Rehabilitation

Drug addiction is prevalent in most of the regions of the world. The only difference in drug addiction pattern is the addictive drug, which generally vary from a region to other due to the availability of different drugs of addictive nature in a region and the economic condition of the drug addict and the economic development of general population as a whole. The easy availability of a particular drug for addiction can also dictate the drugs used for addiction.

Drug addiction can destroy life of a person (the addicted), as well as an addicted member in a family can destroy the family as well. With proper management drug addiction can be treated successfully and it is possible to keep the drug addict out of drug addiction for rest of his/her life. For drug rehab or drug rehabilitation the most important part is to motivate the drug addict to start treatment for de-addiction. The saying “well began is half done” can not be more true than in case of drug addiction treatment. In fact it can be said that “well begun is more than half done”, because if the drug addict can be truly motivated to get treatment for de-addiction the actual de-addiction becomes very easy. The drug rehab and drug de-addiction success rate of motivated drug addicts is much higher than non motivated drug addicts.

Once the motivation is done by family and friends of the drug addict, the next thing is to find out a suitable drug rehab center which can be trusted for their good service. A good drug rehab center can also motivate the drug addicts to get de-addiction treatment. After finding a suitable drug rehab center it is important to follow all the instructions and programs that drug rehab center has with it.

What is Hypoglycemia?

Hypoglycemia is blood glucose (ideally plasma glucose) level below its normal lower limit, which is generally accepted as approximately 70 mg/100 ml (3.9 mmol/Liter) of blood during fasting. So, in other word hypoglycemia is blood glucose level below 70 mg/100 ml. Hypoglycemia can be defined as “appearance of certain symptoms (headache, fatigue, confusion etc.) that disappear or are relieved promptly when blood glucose level is raised”.

Common causes of hypoglycemia:

Hypoglycemia is most commonly caused by antidiabetic medications (medicines used for treatment of diabetes), consumption of large quantity of alcohol and some other drugs. The antidiabetic medications that commonly cause hypoglycemia are insulin (especially if high dose is used), sulfonylureas (like glimepiride, glipizide, gliclazide, glibenclamide etc.) and other oral hypoglycemic drugs. Drugs that can sometimes cause hypoglycemia are quinine, pentamidine, sulfonamides etc.

Other than drugs certain other diseases like insulinoma, non-β-cell tumors, and organ failure, gastric surgery (may be immediately after surgery or even many years later hypoglycemia may develop), certain hormone deficiencies, certain inherited metabolic disorders, severe sepsis etc. can also cause hypoglycemia.

Clinical manifestations of hypoglycemia:

Hypoglycemia cause two types of symptoms neuroglycopenic symptoms and neurogenic (can also be called autonomic) symptoms of hypoglycemia. Neuroglycopenic symptoms of hypoglycemia are generally due to direct lack of glucose in CNS (central nervous system) and include symptoms like confusion, fatigue, behavioral changes etc. and in severe cases seizure, loss of consciousness and in extreme cases death can occur, especially if hypoglycemia is very severe and prolonged and without any proper treatment. Neurogenic symptoms of hypoglycemia are due to physiologic changes but mediated by CNS and include palpitations, tremor, anxiety etc. Sweating, hunger, and paresthesia are cholinergic symptoms of hypoglycemia, but they are also included in neurogenic symptoms of hypoglycemia. All these are non specific symptoms and occur in other diseases also.

The clinical signs (sign is what physician elicit after examining a patient) of hypoglycemia are pallor (paleness of skin), raised heart rate, increased blood pressure and diaphoresis.

Treatment of Ovarian Cysts

Most of the ovarian cysts (more than 95%) are benign and only a few of the ovarian cysts are malignant. Benign ovarian cysts in many cases do not produce any symptoms and discovered in routine examination or while performing ultrasonography for identifying some other medical condition. Only some ovarian cysts produce symptoms, which are also non specific like pain in pelvic region, bleeding etc.

The diagnosis of ovarian cyst is generally done either by CT (computerized tomography) scan or ultrasound. Laboratory investigations of ovarian cysts are generally non specific.

As more than 95% of the ovarian cysts are benign (not cancer), the treatment of ovarian cysts generally depends on the size of the cyst and the symptoms it produce (if any). If the ovarian cyst is small and do not produce any symptoms or produce only mild symptoms than the treatment is wait and watch approach with check up at regular interval of every 6 months. The pain (the commonest symptom) of ovarian cyst is treated/managed by common pain relievers like NSAIDs (non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs) like ibuprofen, diclofenac, piroxicam etc. Opioid pain relievers are rarely required and have to be used cautiously as they have addiction liability. Pain relievers should be taken at the first sign of pain to get the best effect. Use of hot water bottle or heating pad in the pelvic area can give relief to pain. The treatment of ovarian cyst is essentially conservative if it occurs in women who has not completed their family and in their childbearing age. In post menopausal women and women with completed family, more radical approach like total hysterectomy along with cyst and ovaries can be done, especially if there is history of ovarian cancer in family and if there is ruptured ovarian cyst. Conservative surgeries that preserve the ovaries and only remove the cyst is generally done for women with small, benign cyst and if the woman is in childbearing age and desirous to have children in future.