Archive for the ‘Diet & Weight loss’ Category

Effective Weight Loss

In obese individuals weight loss may be a big problem. If you are obese, you may have tried many formulae for weight loss, but may not have succeeded in reducing body weight to normal or regained lost body weight after sometime. You may have tried many herbal and other natural formulae to reduce weight, but without desired result. Maintaining body weight to normal after loosing it is a big challenge for all the weight loss treatment regimens.

If you are in the above mentioned category you should try trusted, proven and approved (by competent government authority) medication for weight loss. Diet pills like orlistat or Alli (trade name of orlistat are alli, xenical etc.) is USFDA (United States Food & Drug Administration) approved for treatment of obesity. It is proven in many clinical trials to reduce body weight in obese individuals. Alli is prescribed by many doctors as part of weight loss management along with a good diet plan and regular physical exercise. Combination of diet and exercise can make weight loss faster and sustainable after losing it. If only alli is taken without diet and exercise the result of weight loss may not be up to what is desired and may take much longer time to reduce weight. The dose of orlistat may also be more than what will be required if combined with exercise and diet. If dose of Alli is highr the side effects will also be higher.

The common side effects of Alli are nausea, flatulence (air in stomach and intestine) or bloating, pain and discomfort in abdomen, fatty diarrhea etc. Another side effect of Alli is deficiency of fat soluble vitamins (vitamin A, D, E and K are fat soluble), which is due to reduced absorption fats during treatment with orlistat (alli). The side effects of alli are generally mild and adjusted easily or may go away if continued for sometime.

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Lose Weight by Acai Berry Diet

Acai berry can be considered as the wonder diet of this century, which is gaining popularity only recently, thanks to the internet. Acai berry grows naturally in the flood plains of Amazon River basin in Brazil and its neighboring countries. The acai berry is part of staple diet among some of the Amazonian tribes, which contributes up to 40% of their diet. These tribes whose diet consists of acai berry are very healthy in general, compared to many of the communities of the world including industrialized countries. The good health of these tribes can be attributed to the acai berry. The good qualities of acai berry can be obtained by anybody by regularly consuming acai berry diet, which can be purchased from your nearest grocery store as well as it can be purchased online with a click of a mouse.

Acai berry has many qualities which are not found in other food in such quality and quantity. Some of the qualities of acai berry are:

  1. Acai berry can reduce weight in a natural way, unlike many other weight loss products.
  2. It is the richest natural source of anti oxidants. Anti oxidants are the chemicals which fight free radicals and prevent our body from damage, cancer and ageing.
  3. Acai berry is very good in cleansing and detoxification.
  4. It provides energy to fight lethargy and weakness.
  5. The acai berry is a rich source of protein as well as dietary fiber, in addition to high levels of both omega-6 and omega-9 fatty acids, which are protective on the heart and cardiovascular system.

There are also many benefits of acai berry and its products.

There are many products of acai berry which are available. Some examples of acai berry products are acai berry weight loss, acai burn, acai pure, acai pure cleanse etc.

Good Qualities of Pomegranate and Goji Berry

There are many fruits in nature which have many good qualities including some medicinal values and healing properties. Pomegranate and goji berry are two such fruits that has healing properties and medicinal value. Pomegranate is a shrub which can grow up to 5 meters tall and produce fruit bearing sprouts upon them. Pomegranate grows in very warm and humid climate. In the United States pomegranate plant grows naturally in gardens only in the state of California and in other states it is grown in greenhouse or artificial gardens.

Pomegranate is one of the first cultivated fruits known to men. It is documented in art and literature of olden times. Since olden days it was used for treatment of dysentery and worm infestation (tape worm). It is also used for treatment of certain bowel problems. Pomegranate has very high levels of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants and these qualities are used for fighting illness and disease. Pomegranate rind and roots are also used for various medicinal purposes. Medicinal properties of pomegranate can be traced back to thousands of years in traditional Chinese medicine where it was being used for treatment of infertility.

Goji berry (fruit) is used for its medicinal properties. Goji berry originated from China. Goji berry is used for treating cancer, skin pain, productivity troubles and reduced vision. Goji berry leaves can be used as antiseptic and used in wound healing by rubbing it on the wound. In many studies it is seen that Goji berry can increase longevity of life. Many people are using goji berry juice for longevity of their life and also making their married life better.

The Acai Berry

Acai berry is one of the natures gift to mankind. It is very reach in minerals, vitamins, fibers and also in antioxidants (richest known antioxidant source in nature). In terms of antioxidant content it is way ahead of its nearest rival the blueberry. The concentration of antioxidants in acai berry is more than double of blueberry.

There are many products of acai berry that are available in the market. The acai berry products are generally available as powder form and in tablet form. As the fresh ripe acai berries do not last more than 48 hours, the acai berry fruits have to be processed within a day or two after plucking it. The acai berry pulp is first separated from the nut or the seed and than steamed and processed to keep the natural flavor and ingredients of acai berry intact. After processing the products are available in the market. You can buy acai products in the local general or food store or you can buy acai and its products online with a click of your mouse and get it delivered to your doorstep.

Acai berry fruits are also available fresh as frozen fruits in some food stores and you can get it from the food stores. But the fresh ripe acai berry fruits are comparatively costly. But if you can afford the fresh fruits of acai, than you can the best of the natural ingredients in its best form. The aci berry products are also evry good energy drink. This acai berry energy drink will make you feel fresh and energetic; your vitality will improve and you will feel mentally and psychologically better. You can make it a habit of taking the acai berry drinks regularly.

Obesity: Epidemiological factors

The causes of obesity are complex and have multiple causations:

Age: Obesity can occur at any age, but usually increases with age. Infants with excessive weight gain have an increased incidence of obesity in later life. About one-third of obese adults have been obese since childhood. It has been well established that most adipose cells are formed early in life and the obese infant lays down more of these cells (hyperplastic obesity) than the normal infant. Hyperplastic obesity in adults is extremely difficult to treat with conventional methods.

Eating habits: Eating habits (e.g., eating in between meals, preference to sweets refined foods and fats) are established very early in life which influences the chances of obesity. The compositions of the diet, the periodicity with which it is eaten and the amount of energy derived from it are all relevant to the etiology of obesity. A diet containing more energy than needed may lead to deposition of triglycerides in adipose tissue resulting in obesity. It has been calculated that a child whose energy requirement is 2000 kcal/day and who consumes 100kcal/day extra will gain about 5kg a year. The accumulation of one kilo of fat corresponds to 7,700 kcal of energy.

Endocrine factors: These (hormonal factors) may be involved in occasional cases, e.g. Cushing’s syndrome, growth hormone deficiency/excess.

Familial Predisposition: Obesity frequently runs in families, but this can not be explained only by the influence of genes.

Genetic factors: Genetic factor in the etiology of obesity is very strong. Twin studies have shown close correlation between the weights of identical twins even when they are reared in dissimilar environments. But genetic factor is more important or environmental factor is more important is not clear.

Physical inactivity (exercise): Physical inactivity can cause obesity and obesity in turn restricts activity. This is a vicious circle. It is the reduced energy output which is more important than increased energy intake.

Sex: In the Framingham, USA study, men were found to gain most weight between 29 and 35 years of age, while women gain most between 45 and 49 years of age.

Socio-economic status: The relationship of obesity and social class is not in favor of affluent class. The more affluent economic condition, the more obesity prevalence in that class. But within some affluent countries obesity has been found to be more prevalent in the lower socio-economic groups.

Psychosocial factors: Psychosocial factors (e.g., emotional disturbance) are deeply involved in the etiology of obesity. Overeating may be a symptom of depression, anxiety, frustration and loneliness in childhood as it is in adult life. Excessively obese individuals are usually withdrawn, self-conscious, lonely and secret eaters. An insight into the circumstances in which the obesity has developed is essential for planning the most suitable management.

Obesity: an Assessment

Before we consider assessment of obesity, it will be useful to first, look at body composition as under:

(1) The active mass (muscle, liver, heart etc.)

(2) The fatty mass (fat)

(3) The extracellular fluid (blood, lymph etc.)

(4) The connective tissue (skin, bones, connective tissue)

Structurally speaking, the state of obesity is characterized by an increase in the fatty mass at the expense of the other parts of the body. The water content of the body is never increase in case of obesity.

Although obesity can easily be identified at first sight, a precise assessment requires measurements and reference standards. The most widely used criteria are:

Body weight

Body weight, though not an accurate measure of excess fat, is a widely used index. In epidemiological studies it is conventional to accept +2 SD (standard deviations) from the median weight for height as a cut-off point for obesity.

For adults, some people calculate various other indications such as:

(1) Body mass index (BMI or Quetelet’s index)

BMI = weight in kilogram divided by height in meter square (m2)

(2) Ponderal index

Ponderal index = height in cm divided by cube root of body weight in kg

(3) Broca index

Broca index = Height in centimeters minus 100

For example, if a person’s height is 160cm,

His ideal weight is (160-100) (cm) = 60kg

(4) Loreniz’s formula

Loreniz’s formula = height in cm minus 100- (height in cm -150) divided by (2 for women or 4 for men)

(5) Corpulence index = actual weight divided by desirable weight.

The body mass index (BMI) and the Broca index are used more commonly. A recent FAO/WHO Report gives the much needed reference table for body mass index which can be used internationally as reference standards for assessing the prevalence of obesity in a community.

Obesity

“Obesity or overweight is the extra luggage we have to carry in the journey of life”.

The above quotation is a simplified definition/explanation of obesity. As with extra luggage there are lots of problems during life, same is true in the journey of life with obesity (extra luggage) and lots of health related problems arises due to obesity.

Obesity can be defined as: “an abnormal growth of the adipose tissue due to enlargement of fat cell size (hypertrophy obesity), or an increase in fat cell number (hyper plastic obesity) or a combination of both”. Obesity is often expressed in terms of body mass index (BMI). A BMI of 30 or more in males and 28.5 or more in females indicates obesity.

The term “overweight” means a weight in excess of average for a given age, height and sex. Overweight is usually due to obesity but can arise from other causes such as abnormal muscle development as seen in body builders or fluid retention.

Prevalence of obesity:

Obesity is the most common form of malnutrition in developed countries, both among adults and children. It is extremely difficult to assess the size of the problem and compare the prevalence rates in different countries as exact figures are not available and also because the definition of obesity is not standardized. There has been an increased awareness of the problem in recent year. It has been estimated to affect 20 to 40 percent of the adults and 10 to 20 per cent of children and adolescents in developed countries are obese or overweight. It is a misconception that obesity is primarily a problem in the affluent countries; in fact, it is found in all countries in varying degrees. In developing countries the problem of obesity is not as much as that of developed countries.

At present the problem of obesity is highest in Australia. It has reached to epidemic proportion in Australia. These are due to inactivity by youngsters, lack of physical exercise in the form of playing and other outdoor activities.